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    Addiction has been defined as physical and psychological dependence on psychoactive substances (for example alcohol, tobacco, heroin and other drugs) which cross the blood-brain barrier once ingested, temporarily altering the chemical milieu of the brain.

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    The name comes from "coca" in addition to the alkaloid suffix -ine, forming cocaine. It is a stimulant of the central nervous system, an appetite suppressant, and a topical anesthetic.

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    Sexual addiction can have severe effects on the addict and his or her loved ones. As the addiction escalates, and the disorder progresses, the damage to personal relationships, self-esteem, career and other areas of life increases to devastating levels.

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  • Vicaris Vacanti Vestibulum

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Power of Mind Over Body

Thursday, June 9, 2011 0 comments

We often hear the virtues and benefits that positive thinking can bring. The "mind over matter and body" claim actually has scientific belief backing it. Medical science has widely accepted that the mind can often fix problems with the body using pure thought. Not everyone believes in the power of mind over body. Some think the belief in the power of the mind is itself a myth or just wishful thinking. source ehow.com



Identification: The power of mind over body actually has a scientific name--the "placebo effect". The placebo effect is an observed phenomenon where people often find relief from pain and disease due to the belief in the mind that treatments, real or not, work, according to Scientific American. Doctors have accepted the existence of the placebo effect since Henry K. Beecher's 1955 "The Powerful Placebo" in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Significance: The power of mind over body is not just a sporadic phenomenon. The existence of the placebo effect is so strong that drug researchers often test drugs to make sure the medication works better than a placebo. According to Beecher's study, simply believing in the medicine may work in as many as 33 percent of all cases. If doctors could harness positive beliefs, it would be a great boon to medical counseling.

Theories/Speculation: Recent studies have shown that support for the placebo effect is not ubiquitous among researchers. Peter Gotzsche and Asbjorn Hrobjartsson of the University of Copenhagen in a report for the New England Journal of Medicine, believe previous placebo research shows that the mind over body effect is not statistically significant compared to no treatment at all.

Potential: Scanning for the effects of placebos on the brain may offer future medical science a way to harness these thoughts, according to an MSNBC article on placebos by Linda Carroll. A Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA study on depression showed that people who responded well to antidepressants all showed similar changes in brain chemistry when given a placebo. This could make screening for some medication very cheap by testing for these effects.

Criticism: Some people, such as Roger S. Kirby in "Textbook of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia", believe that using the power of the mind over the body in placebos might be an ethical violation. The international agreement "Declaration of Helsinki" states that all participants in medical studies should receive the best possible care. Knowingly giving a placebo to someone with an illness could be seen as a violation of this pact.

Deal With a Gambling Addiction

Tuesday, June 7, 2011 0 comments

Recognize the signs of your addiction and learn to modify your behavior - few addictions are as destructive, over the long term as gambling. The financial chaos that you create now, can and will follow you for many years unless you get a handle on it. Source:wikihow.com



Instructions

Recognize your behavior as what it is. An Addiction. Do you lose time from work to gamble? Do you extend yourself beyond your means by gambling away money that you have set aside to pay your rent, mortgage, or other bills? Do you use credit cards to gamble? Are you secretive about where the money's gone to after you've gambled? Can a loss trigger a period of depression that leads to another gambling session, thinking that you can recoup the money you've lost and, therefore, get happy again? Admitting the problem is the first major step in dealing with it.

Don't put yourself in a position to gamble, even if it's only "for the fun of it". If friends suggest a trip to the casino, be honest with yourself and with others about the fact that, for you, gambling has gone beyond being recreational. Suggest another activity or opt out of this particular one. A gambling addict can not gamble sensibly because the addict is hooked on the adrenaline rush associated with "the chase". You cannot be in control if you're more concerned with the feeling you get from an activity than the activity itself.

Don't be secretive about your finances. Pay bills immediately, when you have funds set aside to pay them. You may see using this money as less destructive than charging your gambling debts but if you then have to borrow money to pay your bills, isn't it the same in the long run? Be honest with yourself about money spent gambling. Add up losses and keep a running tally. When you've added up losses from a gambling session, list the things that you might have purchased with that money, or other debts you could have paid down.

Facts About Heroin Addiction

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Heroin use is a continually growing problem in the United States and all over the world. Drugstatistics.com says, "The 1999 National Household Survey on drug abuse estimated that there were 149,000 new heroin users in 1998 and that nearly 80 percent were under the age of 26." Heroin has become a mythical drug, and the facts about the drug and addiction to heroin can be daunting. Movies like "Trainspotting" paint a terrifying picture of painful withdrawal and hallucination. To understand heroin addiction, it is important to understand why it is so addictive and to understand the effects addiction can have on an addict's life. Source: ehow.com



About Heroin

Heroin is most commonly injected into the arm using a syringe. However, heroin can also be snorted and smoked, though injection remains the most common form. It originates from the opium poppy, a plant found around the world. Opium poppy is also used in the creation of opium and morphine. In fact, all three of these drugs are powerful pain killers. When it was first discovered, heroin was manufactured by Bayer for use as pain medicine. Morphine is still used in the medical field as a highly effective pain killer. All three of these drugs are also highly addictive.

Why So Addictive?

It is heroin and other opiates' pain-killing nature that makes them so addictive. The body manufactures a substance called endorphins, which are also an opioid. Endorphins are used to numb pain during a major injury. They are also used when the body moves and exercises, giving the tearing muscles and aching joints a boost of endorphins which makes exercise pleasurable. Endorphins also come into play during sex. As a result of our use of endorphins, our body is filled with opioid receptors. Heroin is basically a concentrated form of endorphins. It simulates an endorphin rush that is much more powerful than natural. This is what makes the drug so addictive. It hits at the very essence of what gives human beings physical pleasure. Few drugs operate on the human body in such a primal fashion.

Withdrawal Symptoms

Withdrawal is another reason that heroin is so addictive. Heroin withdrawal symptoms are said to be some of the worst an addict can suffer through. Symptoms include, but are not limited to: dilated pupils, goose bumps, insomnia, loss of appetite, tremors, panic, nausea, muscle cramps, stomach cramps, diarrhea, vomiting, shaking and irritability. Instead of suffering through these symptoms, addicts find it easier to continue their unhealthy addiction. The reason these symptoms are so intense is related to the way heroin replaces endorphins in the human body. The body becomes dependent on the unnatural high of heroin opioids. The body begins to think that it is normal to feel that constant rush of pleasure. When it is taken away, the body aches in a horrific and painful manner. Many addicts would rather continue their unhealthy addiction rather than suffering through these symptoms.

Short-Term Effects

Beyond withdrawal symptoms, the health risks of heroin addiction are numerous. Short term effects include a feeling of euphoria, a warm flush of the skin, dry mouth, drowsiness, heavy arms and legs, cloudy mental function and a slower breathing rate. These short-term effects are what's referred to as the "high." The addicts become accustomed to these euphoric feelings and probably have no idea that even the occasional, casual use of heroin can lead to respiratory failure. Even if the addict knows, he probably doesn't care. Long-term effects can be even more serious.

Long-Term Effects

Long-term effects include infection of the heart lining and valves, liver disease, kidney disease and pulmonary complications. Addicts who inject and share needles put themselves at high risk for HIV and hepatitis C. They also are prone to scarred or collapsed veins, abscesses, pneumonia and tuberculosis. Overdose is also a common problem amongst heroin users. The high from heroin eventually tapers off, and more of the drug has to be used each time to achieve that same high. Using too much can lead to seizures, brain damage and even death. Often, heroin is very impure and is mixed with sugar, starch and other questionable chemicals.

Overcome Heroin Addiction

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Heroin (diacetylmorphine (INN)), also known as diamorphine (BAN, or, especially in older literature, as morphine diacetate), is a semi-synthetic opioid drug synthesized from morphine, a derivative of the opium poppy. It is the 3,6-diacetyl ester of morphine (di-acetyl-morphine) and a morphine prodrug. The white crystalline form is commonly the hydrochloride salt diacetylmorphine hydrochloride, though, when supplied illegally, it is often adulterated, thus dulling the sheen and consistency from that to a matte white powder, which diacetylmorphine freebase typically is. 90% of illicit diamorphine (heroin) is thought to be produced in Afghanistan. Source: wikipedia,ehow.com



Spot Signs of Heroin Use

Heroin is synthesized directly from the morphine in opium poppy seeds. It mimics the action of naturally occurring endorphins on the brain by producing euphoria and is the most addictive of all the opiates. Injection is the most effective way of using low-quality heroin but snorting and smoking are becoming more popular due to the risks of sharing needles. The following steps will show:

Look for changes in behavior. Children who have started using heroin may suddenly replace old friends with new ones and there may be a dramatic drop in grades or job performance.

Watch for physical changes because of heroin use. Heroin users may develop runny noses and eyes, constricted pupils and spend an unusually large amount of time sleeping or exhibit apathy or lethargy. A regular user may have an unkempt appearance and begin to neglect their hygiene.

Find unusual items around the house such as capsules, small plastic bags, syringes, packaging material for antihistamines or unusual residue in the coffee-bean grinder. Cash or other valuables may be missing and a sudden pattern of stealing or borrowing money appears. On the other hand, you also may find unexplained valuables.

Notice other clues to indicate heroin use. A heroin user may wear winter clothes during the summer to hide needle marks.

Treat Heroin Addiction



As Heroin is one of the most addictive substances on the planet, and overcoming addiction is very difficult due to the severity of withdrawal symptoms. While methadone substitution has historically been the most common method of helping a heroin addict, alternative ways to treat heroin addiction are of increasing interest to addiction treatment professionals.

Act early, if possible. A heroin addict's chances of recovery are greatly increased if the problem is addressed quickly, rather than after years of drug abuse.

Understand that methadone substitution has a strong track record for helping heroin addicts recover. Methadone is a synthetic opioid that controls heroin cravings by blocking heroin's effects on the body, eliminating withdrawal symptoms. However, the waiting list at a methadone clinic may be lengthy, forcing the addict to consider other possibilities.

New alternative drug therapies are gaining momentum among addiction treatment professionals. In particular, the use of dihydrocodeine and buprenorphine are becoming increasingly widespread. Buprenorphine is similar to methadone, but with less effective opioid action and much lower risk of creating a physical dependence of its own. Dihydrocodeine, a relative newcomer, is attractive because it comes at a fraction of the cost of methadone and is considered safer, less toxic and equally effective.

Sign the heroin addict up for behavioral therapy. Professionals universally recognize the effectiveness of therapy as a treatment method. Cognitive-behavioral interventions, in which the therapist attempts to help the user understand what led them to addictive behavior in the first place, has been successful. However, many experts agree that behavioral therapy is most effective when combined with other treatments, particularly methadone or an equivalent.

Be prepared for a difficult battle. While the most acute heroin withdrawal symptoms typically abate within a week of discontinued use of the drug, a general irritability and craving for heroin can linger for months or years afterwards. Psychological and physical cravings for the drug are the leading cause of relapse in users who have been treated for addiction. Continued medical care and therapy is necessary to overcome heroin addiction.

Stay positive. With proper care and a strong will, heroin addiction can be beaten.

Control a Food Addiction

Monday, June 6, 2011 0 comments

Are you gulping down food every 5 minutes? Do you want to know how to stop this addiction and lose weight? If so, read on. Source wikihow.com



Instructions

To start off, you will have to admit to yourself that this is unhealthy and must stop. If you want, you can ask a family member to guard the fridge, so if you get a temptation to eat, they will stop you (unless they have an addiction themselves).

Drink water whenever you have the urge to eat. Believe it or not, one glass of water really helps your appetite go down.

Talk to anyone with a cured addiction for food, and ask them how they stopped eating. They will probably mention that it is very hard to stop yourself.

Keep a journal and write down things that you are thinking about or have just happened that triggered your cravings for more food.

Meditate and see how many days you can keep up without eating extra junk(main meals like breakfast, lunch and dinner don't count).

Keep a food diary to see how you are doing.

Finally, after a few weeks, or a couple of months, hopefully your addiction will be gone. Congrats!!

Cocaine Addiction

Sunday, June 5, 2011 0 comments

Cocaine (benzoylmethylecgonine) (INN) is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. The name comes from "coca" in addition to the alkaloid suffix -ine, forming cocaine. It is a stimulant of the central nervous system, an appetite suppressant, and a topical anesthetic. Specifically, it is a serotonin–norepinephrine–dopamine reuptake inhibitor, which mediates functionality of these neurotransmitters as an exogenous catecholamine transporter ligand. Because of the way it affects the mesolimbic reward pathway, cocaine is addictive. Source: wikipedia.com, ehow.com



Its possession, cultivation, and distribution are illegal for non-medicinal and non-government sanctioned purposes in virtually all parts of the world. Although its free commercialization is illegal and has been severely penalized in virtually all countries, its use worldwide remains widespread in many social, cultural, and personal settings.

Recognize Cocaine Addiction:

Here are some of the signs of cocaine use and addiction.

> People that are under the influence of cocaine may have a hard time staying still.

> Some behaviors may include chewing/ biting/ moving teeth. #*They may seem excessively talkative.

> Sniffing is common after snorting cocaine.

Detect Cocaine:

When trying to ascertain whether or not cocaine has been present in a room or area, here are some ways to work it out.

> Consider whether there are any strange smells not usually a part of the household or area. Specially trained "sniff" dogs are used to detect smells by the local police, although their sense of smell is far superior to that of human beings.

> Purchase a home detection kit. There are kits with sprays that detect cocaine on surfaces.

> There is a "bling test" that is able to detect cocaine in the saliva.

Overcome Cocaine Addiction:

As per Dr. Jaquel Anderson's article at findmedicaladvice.com following are few steps to use in order to overcome addiction:



Inpatient basis treatment Counselors which are based out of these clinics, help the addict rebuild their lost health. Counsellors are known to delve deep in the matter and also find out what caused the cocaine addiction in the first place. Once the addict knows why he/she started the addiction, they can also find ways to quit the addiction. A treatment program along with counselling is very vital.

Doctor’s supervision for cocaine addiction: One should realize that drug addiction requires medical supervision at all times. The body needs time to adjust to new intakes. Doctors would help an addict rebuild his/her lost confidence as well relationships which went bad during addiction. A supervised environment is also essential when mild sedatives are administered to addicts.

Hypnosis rehabilitation During a rehabilitation treatment, the mind and body are conditioned to change and take up alternative methods. Lifestyle changes are made to take place in a controlled or guarded environment. During Hypnosis rehabilitation, on an average the treatment lasts for around 21 day’s t 28 days. The days required to be spent depend entirely on the clinic. The patterns in an addict undergo change through kinaesthetic learning, during kinaesthetic learning the addict is made to learn by doing. The addict is also made to spend quality time with the therapist as well as the physician.

Self hypnosis With self hypnosis, each aspect is made to get reinforced. Self hypnosis provides the right amount of support required by an addict. An addict can overcome drug addiction with self – hypnosis along with the assistance of clinical interventions. Medicines can help counter the ill effects of the drug abuse to quite a vast extent.

After the treatments for drug addiction, hypnosis can help an addict come out of the addictive as well as withdrawal phase. It is always advisable to get help from professional as well as renowned hypnotherapist for the right guidance and treatment.

A cocaine addict can overcome and fight drug addiction with the help of a comprehensive approach, suitable treatments and medical supervision.

Never loose hope, everything is Possible!

Stop a Sex Addiction

Saturday, June 4, 2011 0 comments

Are you suffering from a devastating sex addiction? Are you having trouble with your marriage, with money and time management? Sex addictions can be hard to stop and often times require counseling. Before things really get out of hand, here are some tips to help you stop the sex addiction.source:ehow.com



Instructions

REMOVE sexual reminders like pornography from your life. Monitor how much time you spend alone thinking about sexual activity.

STAY busy with work, extracurricular activties and family events. Keep a daily schedule of planned activities and avoid placing yourself in situations you cannot control.

MEET with a sexual addiction counselor or support group. Find help in your local community and network with other who are suffering as sex addicts.

SPEAK with a pastor or member of your church about stopping your sexual addiction. Pray about your addiction to sex and ask God for the strength to stop.

DOCUMENT how the sexual addiction is ruining your personal life. Keep a journal of behavior you want to stop especially if it is harmful.

REVEAL your sexual fantasies to your sexual partner. Determine whether you are satisfied in your current sexual relationship.

SEEK professional help if you cannot control your sexual urges.